American Whippet Club
1993 American Whippet Club Annual
Ch. De La Baie's Captain Marvel
Shown and Loved By: Lee and Kathy Graves 2527 Pawnee St. Santa Rosa, CA 707 / 527-4072
TOP TEN OBEDIENCE WHIPPET 1992
photo by Laura Baker Stanton
JANET SULLIVAN • AWC RESCUE MEMBER • 96 HATFIELD ST • CALDWELL NJ • 07006 • 201/228-1866
Merci Isle Meridian
(Ch. Delacreme De la Renta x Ch. Merci Isle Hot Flowers, FCh, SC)
AMERICAN WHIPPET CLUB NATIONAL SPECIALTY
BEST IN SHOW - 523
BEST STUD DOG - 22
Judge - LORRAINE GROSHAN (LORAL)
Jeffrey & Iva Kimmelman 165 Gleasondale Road Stow Maine 01775 508-897-8950
Multi BIF Ch. Merci Isle I See Delight, FCh., SC
Whippletree's Where's The Fire, FCh., SC
Jeffrey & Iva Kimmelman 165 Gleasondale Road Stow Maine 01775 508-897-8950
SBIS Ch. Merci Isle Burncoat Babylon
BEST OF BREED
breeder/judge - MRS. AUDREY BENBOW
Jeffrey & Iva Kimmelman 165 Gleasondale Road Stow Maine 01775 508-897-8950
Some highlights 1993:
Paris Mark My Words winning American Whippet Club Supported Entry, Lompoc Valley Kennel Club, July 31 - Winners Bitch, Best of Winners, Best of Opposite Sex. Ch. Paris Sirius Hot Time Tonight winning American Whippet Club Supported Entry, Delaware County Kennel Club, June 6 - Winners Bitch, Best of Winners. Paris Diablesse Passe Partout puppy win over entry of 40 at the National Specialty, and two breed wins over specials from the classes, Paris Sirius Remember the Time Group Three from the classes under Mrs. James Edward Clark. Ch. Paris Panther winning the CC at the Paris Whippet Specialty in France. Panther's daughter Hocus Pocus du Sac a Malices winning Winners Bitch at American Whippet Club Supported Entry, Finger Lakes, NY, in September. Can.Ch. Paris Postmaster going Group 1 from the classes, first time out, then Winners Dog and Best of Breed at the Canadian Whippet Specialty. Reserve Winners dog was Paris Diablesse Call Me Monsieur. My homebred Lorricbrook Lulu winning Best Puppy in Show her first time out, and Winners Bitch at the Canadian Whippet Specialty. Homebred Ch. Gold Dust's Parti Favor finishing with three Group placements. Dual Ch. Paris Seaworthy Simon, LCM II, getting two legs on his C.D., even though he hates free heeling.
And other highlights
Hosting the 1993 Parade of Honor at the National Specialty, and judging 200 Hounds and Working Breeds in St. Petersburg, Russia, in August.
Looking forward to next year - there are some beautiful kids coming up!
Sharon R. Sakson
LITTERMATES MAJOR POINTED......FROM THE PUPPY CLASS !
ANDAUER HEARTS AFIRE
Well on their way - Hearts Afire has 4 points including a major under Michael Dougherty and Heart and Soul has 9 points with two majors under Paula Hartinger - we expect real fun next spring! Waiting in the wings are littermate brother and sister Andauer Heart of the Matter and Andauer In A Heartbeat. Also Andauer Miss American Pi, out of Leveraged Buyout's sister, Ch. Andauer Puts 'N' Calls.
FLASH!! Ch. Andauer Keen Promissory Note has been bred to Ch. Morshor's Majestic Prince! Contact Shirley Keen (706)265-6488 for information on this January 1994 litter.
Karen & Mike Gibson 5525 East 101st Street Tulsa, Oklahoma 74137-6011 918 / 299-1114
(Ch. Chelsea Legerdemain, FC x Summit Spyder, FC)
Fabula Chelsea Captain Ahab
"Ahab" started his show career in an impressive way, going WD and BOS for a 4-point major under judge Carlos Debango during the Mission Circuit in Pomona, CA! Thank you Mr. Debango!
Ahab has many things to offer, including a classic head piece, large eyes and beautifully arched neck. His showy attitude and endearing personality make him the love of our life.
Thank you to Dara Loeper, who handled Ahab on this occasion. To date, Ahab has six points. Ahab will continue his journey to the finish line in the expert hands of Mary Dukes. Look for, and let this beautiful dog introduce himself to you, in the show ring in 1994.
Owned by: Sheride Whippets
Bred by: Deann Christianson & Tom and Karen Homer
Dual Ch. Shamasan Bitterblue Columbia, CD, ,SC, FCh.
Dual Ch. Bitterblue's Loco Weed CD, SC, LCM, CGC, "Select" 1988 & 1991
Breeders - Phoebe Booth, Isabell Stoffers and Cathy Gaidos
Columbia is the FIRST AKC DUAL CHAMPION WHIPPET BITCH. Proving that running dogs can also be show dogs, Columbia went from the field and into the ring an hour later with great aplomb, garnering B.O.B. and B.I.F. in the field and B.O.B. from the classes over specials in the ring, and picking up majors in both events! Many thanks go to Columbia's friend, breeder, and "sometimes handler", Phoebe Booth, for finishing her with three majors.
A breeding is planned for Columbia upon completion of her L.C.M., of which she is lacking only a few points.
"Dual Champion and Dual Titleist"
(Am.Can.Ch. Allerei's Cabin Fever, LCM x Am.Can.Ch. Spectre White Hot, ROM)
Polar Bear was resting on his laurels, but not for long. He finished four titles during a five months period in 1993. He also sired his first litter out of the beautiful bitch Wheatland Token of Wyndsor, FCh, on lease from Kim Otero. Thanks so much Kim, for letting Geena live with us. She gave us a sensational litter of puppies during the Christmas holidays. This helped me achieve my goal, and biggest personal accomplishment, of breeding my first litter under my kennel name . . . PoleStar.
To start 1994 off right, Polar Bear has 3 show-quality males out of a litter of 6 to be proud of. Later in the year, he'll be bred to the lovely Ch. Windborn Bernadette Chelsea. We are also working on his C.D.X. and his T.D., too.
WHAT A YEAR ! ! !
Best of Winners Chester Valley Kennel Club Major One
Best of Opposite Riverhead Kennel Club
Best of Breed Ramapo Kennel Club Major Two
Best of Breed Arch Rival Coursing Hounds
BAROQUE WAS BRIBED INTO BEING MY SHOWDOG LAST SUMMER . . .
TIM AND LAURA BAKER-STANTON NEW YORK • NEW YORK
Ch. Chelsea Just One Look
(Ch. Surrey Hill's My Vindication x Ch. Chelsea Prelude To A Kiss)
"Ryan", winner of the 1993 American Whippet Club Futurity,
Breeders: Lee and Deann Christianson
CH. KINDOCHALINE'S OLIVER
(Ch. Locars Martini on the Rocks x Ch. Paws'N Oaks Babalina)
Julie Holm William Robert Russell, Jr. Gloria Reese (BOB)
Henry Speight Dorothy McDonald Raymond McGinnis
Elaine Rigden and to Joe Tacker, who judged him Best of Breed the first time he was shown as a Special.
Oliver's dam, Ch. Paws'N Oaks Babalina, has been bred to Ch. Elysian's A-Few Perrier, LCM;
Kindochaline Whippets • Frank and Earl McInnis 107 Laguna Place, Salinas, CA 93908 (408)373-7189
by Nancy Rich, DVM
"There are no safe anesthetic agents; there are no safe anesthetic procedures; there are only safe anesthetists." Robert Smith
SAFE ANIMAL MANAGEMENT
"For every mistake that is made for not knowing, a hundred are made for not looking." Anonymous
According to Webster's dictionary, anesthesia is the loss of sensation with or without the loss of consciousness. Anesthesia, like other areas of medicine and surgery, is an art. A general under standing of the terms used to explain the effects of the drugs used, of the disposition of such drugs in the body, and of the methods of administration of such drugs is necessary to practice the art of anesthesia.
The mention of anesthesia to most clients evokes fear and an unpleasant feeling in the pit of their stomach. As with people, there are risks when anesthetic drugs are used on our pets. Anaphylactoid reactions can occur to anyone when a drug is administered. One can avoid it only by knowing that that drug caused that response when administered previously. Malignant hyperthermia, a disease characterized by high body temperature, severe muscle rigidity, and high mortality, can result following the administration of certain drugs, mainly anesthetics. It appears that both abnormal genes and environmental factors are necessary to trigger this reaction. Although this disease is more common in man and swine, cases have been reported in dogs. Different species respond differently to anesthetic agents, and breed idiosyncrasies add to the difficulty of managing anesthesia. Geriatric animals represent an increased risk because of their decreased ability to compensate for the stresses imposed by standard anesthetic protocols. Patients with specific compromises in one or more body systems, such as kidney or liver disease, or the pregnant patient that needs a cesarean section are challenges to the selection of anesthetics. Fortunately, anesthesia is a reversible process. The goal of anesthesia is to result in a convenient, safe, and inexpensive means of restraint so that spays, dentals, biopsies, exploratories, laceration repairs, and other clinical procedures may be expedited with the least amount of pain, discomfort, and side effects to the patient and the anesthetist.
Safe anesthesia refers to the appropriate choice of drugs based on the procedure to be performed and on the physical status of the animal. A review of the patient's history identifies age, breed idiosyncrasies, the existence of concurrent disease such as heart failure, seizures, or diabetes, any medication the animal may be taking currently, and any reactions or problems with prior anesthesia. This information could be invaluable particularly if the animal is under veterinary care away from your regular veterinarian. Physical examination assesses general body condition and attempts to evaluate any current problems. The necessity for preanesthetic laboratory workup depends on the existence of any problems found in the history or physical, the animal's age and breed, and the owner's willingness. Radio graphs or an electrocardiogram may be necessary for trauma patients. If possible, abnormalities should be corrected or compensated for, such as by establishing an intravenous catheter and fluids, prior to anesthesia. When possible, food should be with drawn 8-12 hours prior to anesthesia to minimize the risk of vomition and aspiration during or following anesthesia.
METHODS OR ROUTES OF ANESTHESIA
Preanesthetic medications can be given subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or intravenously. These drugs have four major uses. First, they aid in the restraint of an animal for a procedure like taking X-rays or for the evaluation of a feral or fractious animal. Second, they allay apprehension and/or minimize pain. Third, they decrease the quantity of more potent anesthetic agents that are used to induce general anesthesia. Fourth, they assist in smooth transitions to and from anesthesia. There are four basic categories of preanesthetics. Anticholinergics such as atropine are used primarily to limit excessive salivation and to increase the heart rate. Phenothiazines, such as acepromazine, and butyrophenones, such as droperidol, are used to calm the patient and to reduce the amount of more potent anesthetics required to induce general anesthesia. These drugs can calm the fractious animal as well as inhibit vomiting. Their disadvantages include reducing blood pressure, enhancing the respiratory and cardiac depressant effects of other drugs, and precipitating seizures in an animal susceptible to having them. Xylazine (Rompun) and tranquilizer-narcotic combinations cause sedation and sleep without producing general anesthesia. The sedatory effects of xylazine can be reversed by an antagonist, the most commonly used one is Yohimbine. The deleterious effects of xylazine are the decreased gut motility, vomition, decreased swallowing reflex, drop in blood pressure and respiration, and the fact that it may not work in highly excited animals. The tranquilizer-narcotic combination is useful for short procedures and, because of its analgesia (relief of pain) and reversibility, for cesarean sections.
"To sleep: perchance to dream." William Shakespeare
Intravenous injectable anesthetics can be utilized alone to induce and maintain general anesthesia, or they can be used to induce general anesthesia prior to maintenance on an inhalation agent. The primary disadvantage of the injectable agents is that once administered, they are not rapidly eliminated, although most have a short duration of action. There are three main categories to discuss: barbiturates, nonbarbiturates, and dissociogenic. Barbiturates are classified on the basis of their duration of action: long acting, phenobarbital short acting, amobarbital and ultrashort acting, the thiobarbituates (thiopental and thiamylal) and the oxybarbituates (methohexital). General anesthetic actions include all degrees of central nervous system depression, minimal changes in cerebral spinal fluid pressure (making them good for head trauma cases), respiratory depression, sensitization of the heart to abnormal rhythms, blood pressure and heart rate depres sion, and irritation of tissue if the anesthetic leaks out of the vein. General anesthetics also cross the placenta and can therefore depress the fetus. Their elimination from the body requires work from both the liver and kidney. Their duration of action is greatly dependent on redistribution of the drug to lean body tissues (muscle). Repeated doses of these drugs tend to be cumulative. Extremely thin, heavily muscled animals like Whippets demonstrate prolonged recoveries from the thiobarbiturates. The difference in duration of anesthesia appears to be related to differences in drug disposition in the body rather than a greater sensitivity of Sighthounds. The elimination of thiobarbiturates from the Sighthound body has been hypothesized to be unpredictable as a result of saturation of liver activity. A study by Sams and Muir suggests that liver metabolism is a factor to be considered in addition to distribution when assessing the differences between Sighthounds and other breeds. Methohexital, an oxybarbiturate, is similar to the thiobarbiturates except that it is not cumulative and can be safely used in Sighthounds. Premedication can alleviate the possible excitatory side effects following its administration. Despite the introduction of new injectable agents, ultrashort barbiturates continue to be popular due to their rapid and smooth onset, reliable hypnotic effects, relatively short recovery, and minimal expense.
Nonbarbiturates include etomidate and propofol. Etomidate is costly and has not gained much favor in veterinary medicine. Propofol, although more expensive than barbiturates, has gained some usefulness in veterinary practice, especially at referral institutions. It can be given intravenously to induce short periods of sedation or anesthesia or via a bolus or continuous infusion to maintain anesthesia. It is noncumulative and suitable for short outpatient procedures, for use in patients with compromised liver or kidney function, and for cesarean section.
Dissociogenic anesthesia is characterized by deep amnesia, superficial analgesia, and catalepsy (muscle rigidity). This group includes ketamine, phencyclidine, and tiletamine. These agents are used with caution in animals with compromised liver or kidney function and are usually used in conjunction with a tranquilizer.
Inhalation anesthesia produces general anesthe sia and is suitable for use in all species. Inhalation agents are vapors or gases administered directly to the lungs via an endotracheal tube and an anesthetic machine. The gas molecules are absorbed via the lungs into the bloodstream and then pass to the brain. Elimination of the inhalants is primarily via the lungs and secondarily by the liver and kidney. Methoxyflurane, halothane, and isoflurane are the most common inhalant anesthetics used in veterinary practice. As a group, their disadvantages include depression of heart and respiratory function and blood pressure depression. Methoxyflurane is the most potent of the inhalants, but the transitions to and from anesthesia are slow. It produces excellent muscle relaxation and analgesia. It has the potential to have detrimental effects on kidney function and is therefore used cautiously in older animals. It is a good anesthetic for routine procedures and for fractures in young animals. Halothane creates moderate muscle relaxation, can sensitize the heart to abnormal rhythms, can have direct or indirect adverse effects on the liver, and has been associated with malignant hyperthermia. Despite its faults, it is a useful anesthetic in veterinary medicine primarily because of its faster recovery rate and its more fine-tuned anesthetic depth compared to methoxyflurane. Although isoflurane is a respiratory depressant and not as good an analgesic as the other two gasses, it is the most stable and inert inhalant available and produces minimal cardiovascular effects at surgical levels of anesthesia. There is negligible breakdown of the gas in the body (about 2%), and it therefore does not compromise liver or kidney functions. Isoflurane would be the ideal inhalant were it not for its cost.
OTHER METHODS OF ANESTHESIA
Local infiltrative anesthesia is often suitable for the excision of small lumps or bumps or for the surgical repair of easily accessible wounds however, it is not suitable for all patients. Fractious, uncontrollable animals are probably not likely candidates. Some animals become more stressed due to the restraint or to the maintenance of a still position. In some cases, judicious use of sedatives/tranquilizers may be helpful. Lidocaine and mepivacaine are the most commonly used local anesthetic drugs. They take effect rapidly, their analgesia lasts for 90-180 minutes, and they can provide a wide area of anesthesia.
Intravenous regional anesthesia works well for tail or lower limb surgery. A tourniquet is applied above the involved area, and local anesthetic is injected into a vein below the tourniquet, thereby anesthetizing the area below the tourniquet. The technique is limited to 2 hours duration, the time within which the tourniquet should be removed.
Epidural anesthesia involves injecting a local anesthetic or a narcotic into the space surrounding the spinal cord. This technique eliminates pain from surgical manipulation but preserves consciousness. It is useful for animals that are at high risk for general anesthesia, that are aged, or for whom the use of other agents is contraindicated. It is useful for surgical procedures of the tail, vulva, rectum, and bladder, as well as for cesarean sections and some abdominal surgery. Often premedications/sedatives are necessary in addition to oxygen and intravenous fluids. Possible complications are a significant drop in body temperature, respiratory paralysis due to an overdose of anesthetic, and accidental injection of the venous vertebral blood supply, which could result in convulsions, a decrease in blood pressure, vomiting, and tremors. Needless to say, this technique has its merits but should be performed by a veterinarian competent in the procedure.
Acupuncture for anesthesia and analgesia has made its way into veterinary medicine. By definition, acupuncture is the insertion of fine needles into specific anatomic points on the body, resulting in specific physiologic effects. Numerous mechanisms of action have been proposed, but no one mechanism can explain all of the physiologic effects. One such theory is that stimulation by the needles of certain sensory nerve fibers in turn inhibits impulses from nerve fibers responsible for transmitting pain. Veterinary acupuncture has gained acceptance in the Western world, and it appears that it will continue to be further integrated into veterinary practice.
In summary, anesthesia, although a scary proposition for both us and our pets, can be performed safely if the patient history and physical examination are carefully considered, appropriate anesthetic agents are utilized, and appropriate precautions are taken for any preexisting problems. No guarantee that "Everything will be fine" can be given because, although rare, problems can arise with the use of anesthetics. Fortunately, with the agents available and with advances in knowledge and the develop ment of new drugs for veterinary medicine, anesthesia safety continues to improve.
Muir, WW, Hubbell, JA. Handbook of Veterinary Anesthesia. St. Louis : C. V. Mosby Co., 1989.
Sawyer, DC. Malignant Hyperthermia. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1981; Vol.179.
Haskins, SC. Anesthetic Protocols for Specific Conditions. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1992;22(2).
Sams RA, Muir WW. Effects of phenobarbital on thiopental pharmacokinetics in Greyhounds. Am J Vet Res 1988; 49(2). Schoen, AM. Introduction to Veterinary Acupuncture: Anatomy,
Physiology, Techniques, Clinical Indications and Implications for Veterinary Medicine. 1990 ESVC Proceedings Manual.
Hellyer, PW. Postoperative Pain and Distress: Recognition, Consequences, and Therapeutic Approach. 1990 ESVC Proceedings Manual.
Together, they make a terrific whole !
Ch. Wheatland Rico Suave, S.C.
(Ch. Chelsea Antipodes, FCh. x Wheatland Mystery Girl)
The California Kid has moved to Ohio.
Breeder: Kim Otero
Co-owner: Susan Harwell-Harris
Owner / Handler
Am.Can.Ch. Cantagrees Mistral
(Ch. Hillary McLaren of Aryal x Ch. Chehalem's Double Dealer)
AT AGE NINE, "CONTI" IS STILL GOING STRONG
Marilyn Williams & Paul Schnittger 1412 Hunningdon Woods Blvd. Chesapeake, VA 23320
Stephen Williams A. Designer Honolulu, Hawaii 808 / 942-7149
Conditioned Exclusively with DYNAMITE Specialty Products
SBIS Ch. Merci Isle Burncoat Babylon, JC
(SBIS Ch. Merci Isle Meridian x Ch. Morshor's Appraxin Sheree)
Best in Futurity, 1992 AWC National Specialty
Video and pedigree upon request.